HYDROGEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE CRACOW SANDSTONE SERIES IN UPPER SILESIAN COAL BASIN INFLUENCED BY MINING ACTIVITY

Andrzej Różkowski, Kazimierz Różkowski

Abstract


Abstract. The Cracow Sandstone Series (CSS), consisting mainly of coarse-grained clastic rocks (>75%), form upper lithostratigraphic series of the coal-bearing Carboniferous formations in the Upper Siiesian Coal Basin (USCB) CSS covers the area of 1,500 km2. Thicknes of a formation varies from tens to 1,140 m. Exploitation of coal deposits on industrial scale of production has started since the tum of the XV ill and XIX century. Intensity of water inflows to individual mines ranging from 4.3 to 52.8 m'/min, depends on morphological, geogenic and mining factors. Within the CSS hydrogeoiogical complex typical for sedimentary basins hydrodynamic and hydrogeochemical vertical zoning occurs. Hydrochemical as well as isotope research revealed appearance of varied zones of infiltration, mixed waters and relict brines. Prevailing significance in hydrodynamic conditions forming within the CSS have hydrodynamic barriers: overlying isolating Miocene aquitard and increasing with depth diagenesis of the Carboniferous formation. The mining activity increases the rock permeability and
causes the disturbance of the natural hydrodynamic field and hydrogeochemical conditions of the CSS.


Keywords


mining activity, hydrogeoiogical conditions, Cracow Sandstone Series, Upper Siiesian Coal Basin.

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