ŹRÓDŁA SOLANEK Z TYRAWY SOLNEJ W PŁASZCZOWINIE SKOLSKIEJ KARPAT ZEWNĘTRZNYCH

Lucyna Rajchel

Abstract


BRINE SPRINGS OF TYRAWA SOLNA WITHIN THE SKOLE UNIT OF THE OUTER CARPATHIANS

Abstract. Brines, or in other words chloride waters with the TDS content exceeding 35 g/dm3, have been found and documented in the Outer Carpathians in many wells drilled during prospecting for oil and gas. Such waters are associated with all the tectonic units of the Outer Carpathians and their basement. In the Carpathians the brines occur only in four springs: two of them are located within the Magura Unit in Sól near Żywiec, and two others in Tyrawa Solna near Sanok within the Skole Unit. The genesis of the Carpathian brines is much complicated. They represent diagenetic waters (synsedimentary, paleoinfiltrational, dehydrative ones), i.e., primary waters altered by diagenetic processes and mixed in various proportions with infiltration waters. The brine springs in Tyrawa Solna and Sól are of important historic aspect as they were used for salt making. This fact is also proved by the names of the localities in which they occur.


Keywords


źródła solankowe, chemizm wód, warzelnictwo, Tyrawa Solna, Karpaty zewnętrzne

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