Campanian–Maastrichtian foraminiferal stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment of the Lower Tar Member in the Wadi Tar section, Western Sirte Basin (Libya)

Sefau O. Tshakreen, M. Adam Gasiński, Elżbieta Machaniec, Agnieszka Mącznik

Abstract


Upper Campanian–Maastrichtian sections on the western flank of the Hun Graben in the Western Sirte Basin (WSB) are displaying two major type facies based on the foraminiferal assemblages. The first one indicates open-marine to outer-shelf conditions, and is represented by numerous bathy-pelagic planktonic foraminiferal species referable to the Radotruncana calcarata, Globotruncana aegyptiaca and the lower part of the Gansserina gansseri Zone (all late Campanian).The second type facies indicates an inner-shelf environment and is represented in the middle-upper part of the Gansserina gansseri Zone (early Maastrichtian) and Racemiguembelina fructicosa (late Maastrichtian) dominated by epi-pelagic planktonic and large benthic foraminifers. Large benthic foraminiferal index species Siderolites calcitrapoides Lamarck and Omphalocyclus macroporus (Lamarck) occur in abundance by the middle–late Maastrichtian. Correlation between planktonic foraminiferal zonation and large benthic foraminiferal zonation is given. An open-marine to outer-shelf environment passed into shallower marine conditions during the late Campanian–early Maastrichtian to late Maastrichtian, then a slight deepening and again shallowing is noticed.


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