Radiometric dating of the Tertiary volcanics in Lower Silesia, Poland. IV. Further K-Ar and palaeomagnetic data from Late Oligocene to Early Miocene basaltic rocksof the Fore-Sudetic Block

Krzysztof Birkenmajer, Zoltán Pécskay, Jacek Grabowski, Marek W. Lorenc, Paweł P. Zagożdżon


Datowanie radiometryczne trzeciorzędowych wulkanitów Dolnego Śląska. IV. Daty K-Ar i wyniki badań paleomagnetycznych późnooligoceńskich i wczesnomioceńskich skal bazaltowych bloku przedsudeckiego

The Tertiary volcanic rocks of the Fore-Sudetic Block (FSB), Lower Silesia (Poland), exposed between Strzelin in the east and Legnica in the west, typically represent within-plate basalts. Petrologically, they consist mainly of alkali basalts, basanites, tephrites and anlcaratrites. 16 new K-Ar dates are recorded, spanning the Oligocene (31 Ma) through Early Miocene (Burdigalian c. 18 Ma) time. The majority of these K-Ar dates plot around two significantly different ages: 27±1.5 Ma, and 20±1.5 Ma. They indicate the presence in the FSB of two distinct separate phases o f Tertiary vulcanicity: (i) the first phase, mainly Late Oligocene (Chattian), with a peak at c. 27; (ii) the second phase, Early Miocene (Aquitanian-Burdigalian), with a peak at about 20 Ma. These phases seem to be separated by a gap in vulcanicity about 3 Ma long at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary. Correlation of K-Ar-dated volcanic activity in the FSB with specific radiometrically-dated polarity intervals, poses some problems, and cannot be regarded definite at this stage of investigations. Considering the whole set of K-Ar and palaeomagnetic data from 40 sites, between the Opole area in the east and the Legnica area in the west, we suggest that volcanism of the first phase (Oligocene), although significantly spread out in time across multiple reversals, took place mostly during two well-defined, previously recognized events: (i) an older, reversed Odra event (within the C9r chron: 28.1±1.2 Ma); and (ii) a younger, normal Gracze event (within the C8n chron: 26.5±1.1 Ma). The second phase (Early Miocene) volcanism includes mainly a continuous set of reversely magnetized sites (mostly a single reversed C6r chron: 20.5±0.87 Ma).

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