Zmiany natężenia przepływu w rzece Sztole (rejon olkuski) w warunkach drenażu górniczego

Damian Cień, Jacek Motyka, Kajetan d'Obyrn


Changes in the flow rate of the Szto³a River (Olkusz area) under mining drainage conditions.
A b s t r a c t. The Sztoła River is a left-bank tributary of the Biała Przemsza River, into which it flows on the outskirts of the Jaworzno city. Mining of the Quaternary backfilling sands in the Szczakowa sand pit, which is located near the estuary of the Szoła River, began in the mid-1950s. At the beginning of the 1960s, the excavations of the underground Olkusz mine of zinc and lead ores, which was built to the east of the upper part of the Sztoła River, began to be drained. The excavations occurred in Triassic carbonate rocks. The gravity drainage system of the Szczakowa sand pit was moving east, up the river, and at the same time the difference between the drainage affected and the natural groundwater level in the Sztoła River basin increased. At the end of the 1960s the level and length of the main drainage excavations in the Olkusz mine were already stabilized. The changing range of the Szczakowa sand pit drainage and the quasi-fixed drainage range of the Olkusz mine had an impact on the supply conditions of the Sztoła River, which was recharged by underground water from the Olkusz-Pomorzany mine. The paper presents the results of the analysis of the drainage impact of both mines on changes in the flow rate of the Sztoła River in the years 1959–2021 and an estimated forecast of the river condition after shutting down the drainage of the Olkusz area mines in December 2021.

Full Text: