Kartografia geologiczna Tatr

Krystyna Piotrowska, Zbigniew Wójcik


The geological cartography of the Tatra Mts.
A b s t r a c t . The area in question represents northern part of the centralWest Carpathians and the boundary zone of Poland and Slovakia (before 1918 the boundary of Galicia and Upper Hungary). From the end of 18th century the authors of geological maps of this area were mostly Austro-Hungarian geologists, but also specialists from other countries. The first cartographic documents refer to the occurrence of mineral raw materials (Hacquet, 1796). A little later some elements of stratigraphy and tectonics were also considered (Staszic, 1815). Zejszner (1844) was the first to pay attention to biostratigraphy and this problem was continued by his followers. In the “Geological Atlas of Galicia” (1885–1914) the authors took into account tectogenesis, at first following the theory of contraction (Uhlig, 1897, 1899) and, subsequently, the concept of nappes (e.g. Lugeon, 1902, 1903; Uhlig, 1907; Limanowski, 1911; Rabowski & Goetel, 1925; Goetel &. Sokołowski, 1930; Guzik, 1939). Until the beginning of the 21st century, the number of cartographic works (maps and cross-sections) printed separately or as attachments and inserts within texts, reached more than 1000 positions. Particularly the cartography of the 20th century, including the map of the Tatra Mts. 1 : 10 000, represents very valuable basic material for the recently prepared “Detailed Geological Map of the Tatra Mts. 1 : 10 000”.

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