Analiza pyłkowa osadów interglacjału mazowieckiego w Malicach (Wyżyna Woźnicko-Wieluńska)

Małgorzata Nita


Pollen analysis of Mazovian deposits in Malice (WoŸniki-Wieluñ Upland).
A b s t r a c t. The paper shows results of pollen analysis of organic sediments from the site Malice (M1). The diagram includes 11 local pollen zones representing Mazovian Interglacial. Forest landscape in the vicinity of the site has changed together with the climate amelioration. In the beginning of the interglacial, birch and pine forests predominated in this area. Later, they were replaced by alder, spruce and yew communities, and next by multispecies deciduous forests and fir woods. Warm and humid climate of this interglacial is indicated for instance by high percentage of Taxus pollen (49%). According to Janczyk Kopikowa, 1991 at the beginning of the pollen period III the pollen curves show that an intrainterglacial climate cooling might have taken place what has also been recorded in many pollen diagrams of this interglacial in Poland. Pollen succession from Malice, apart from features characteristic for the succession of Mazovian Interglacial, also shows many local features caused by differentiation of habitats, and various hydrological and microclimatic conditions. Similar features are also revealed from the succession at the site Konieczki located nearby. Despite the fact that the influence of oceanic climate in Mazovian Interglacial reached farther eastwards than it is now, the forest landscape of Poland was also regionally differentiated, although not as distinctly as it is today.

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