Nowe spojrzenie na liczbę, wiek i zasięgi zlodowaceń środkowopolskich w południowej części środkowowschodniej Polski

Leszek Lindner


A new look at the number, age and extent of the Middle Polish Glaciations in the southern part of central-
eastern Poland.
S u m m a r y. An overview of the existing opinions combined with new geomorphological, geological, palaeopedological and TL data allow a new look at the number, age and ranges of the three Middle Polish (Saalian, Dnieperian) Glaciations in central-eastern Poland. During the first of these glaciations (Liviecian), correlated with the 10 oxygen isotope stage in deep-marine deposits (400–360 ka), the Scandinavian ice sheet advanced in form of a rather narrow lobe, reaching only several tens of kilometres south of Warsaw. During the second glaciation (Krznanian), correlated with the 8 oxygen isotope stage (330–320 ka), it advanced in form of a wider lobe down to the northern margin of the Małopolska and Lublin uplands. In turn, during the third glaciation (Odranian), correlated with the 6 oxygen isotope stage (210–130 ka), the range of the Scandinavian ice-sheet was the largest. It stopped at the elevations of the Quaternary basement in the northern and western part of the Małopolska and Lublin uplands, reaching 330–280 m above sea level. In the study area the discussed glaciations are separated by two interglacials (Zbójnian, Lublinian = Lubavian), correlated with the Reinsdorf and Schöningen interglacials in Germany and Landos and Le Bouchet interglacials in France. The analysed data indicate that within the Odranian Glaciation, its maximum (Kamienna = Drenthe) and postmaximum stadials (Warta = Warthe), as well as two younger recessive stadials (Wkra, Mławka) should be distinguished. Due to the rather wide eastward distribution of the Scandinavian ice-sheets during the two younger glaciations, an attempt has been made to correlate them with the two Dnieperian glaciations in the Ukraine.

Full Text: