Rewizja wieku „najstarszych” skał w podłożu krystalicznym północno-wschodniej Polski

Ewa Krzemińska, Janina Wiszniewska, Ian S. Williams


Revision of the „oldest” rocks age in the crystalline basement of NE Poland.
S u m m a r y. The oldest geochronological results between 2.69–2.57 Ga was previously obtained by using K–Ar method on biotite from pegmatite from Jastrzębna IG–1 borehole. In consequence, in many published reports up to 1998, the Mazowsze (or Masovian) granitoid massif has been regarded as Archean age structure. Therewithal, other rocks in the area, e.g. Bargłów gneiss sequence traditionally were described as Archean in age. In the paper we present new U–Pb SHRIMP zircon and monazite results for above mentioned rocks which have been considered as Archean. Cathodoluminescence images and SHRIMP analysis were carried out for zircons and monazites from Jastrzebna IG–1 pegmatite of 514 m depth (a historical sample previously dated by K–Ar method) and for zircon magmatic cores from Bargłów IG–2 orthogneiss of the 708 m depth. The obtained U–Pb ages of 1826 ±12 Ma (zircon) and 1789±34 Ma (monazite), and 1835±28 Ma (zircon) for two rock samples respectively have shown Paleoproterozoic origin. Only 4 of the 24 analysed zircons have clearly discordant results, which are all from the Jastrzebna pegmatite, where Pb–loss was possible (in partially metamict U–rich zircon grains). The new U–Pb SHRIMP dating indicates that Jastrzębna pegmatite and Bargłów magmatic protolith of the orthogneiss is only Late Paleoproterozoic in age and in general about 700 Ma younger than previously reported by K–Ar method. Therefore, there is no unequivocal evidence of the presence of Archean rocks in crystalline basement of NE Poland. This study has been undertaken as a part of a collaborative research agreement between the Polish Geological Institute and Geochronology and Isotope Geochemistry Research School of Earth Sciences of the Australian National University in Canberra.

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