Geologiczne uwarunkowania składowania wysokoaktywnych odpadów promieniotwórczych w złożach soli w Polsce

Kazimierz Ślizowski, Leszek Lankof


Geological conditions of high level radioactive waste storage in Polish salt deposits.
A b s t r a c t . Spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level waste (HLW) resulting from the SNF reprocessing produce significant amount of heat during retardation of α, β, γ, particles and emit ionizing radiation, as well as neutrons even after cooling. Therefore, it is recommended to store SNF and HLWin deep geological formations capable to provide isolation from ground waters for a sufficiently long time. Only a few rock types could meet such requirements and a rock salt is among them. In the paper the following topics are presented: categories of radioactive wastes, worldwide review of nuclear waste disposal developments, selection of the appropriate rock formations for location of safe storage facilities as well as the concept of potential site selection for such storage facility in the territory of Poland

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