Mineral and thermal waters of Poland

Wojciech Ciężkowski, Józef Chowaniec, Wojciech Górecki, Arkadiusz Krawiec, Lucyna Rajchel, Andrzej Zuber


A b s t r a c t. Definitions, history, resources, origin, and use of mineral and thermal waters in Poland are discussed. Mineral and some thermal waters have been used on the present territory of Poland for therapeutic purposes probably since the Roman times and according to documents since medieval ages. Nowadays, different types of mineral and thermal waters are exploited in a number of Spas for therapeutic purposes, whereas in some other areas thermal waters are exploited for recreation and heating purposes. Their occurrences, origin, chemical types, legal aspects of exploitation, potential vulnerability and bottling are presented.

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