Ocena stopnia antropopresji wód podziemnych w rejonach poszukiwania i eksploatacji złóż węglowodorów

Ewa Krogulec, Katarzyna Sawicka, Sebastian Zabłocki


Assessment of the anthropopressure degree of groundwater in the areas of hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation.
A b s t r a c t. The aim of the study was to propose a range of interpretation of the results of qualitative groundwater monitoring by using geochemical indicators to assess the degree of anthropogenic groundwater pollution. The location, scope and frequency of groundwater testing dedicated to the possibility of indicating the degree of pressure resulting from the activity in the field of hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation is proposed. On the basis of multi-stage monitoring research in the area of hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, the qualitative groundwater base state was determined and change trends were characterized at each subsequent testing stage. Anthropogenic transformations of groundwater chemistry are the result of many overlapping factors, which is why the reason of water quality change is difficult to identify. The very statement of the presence of high values of physico-chemical parameters in waters does not have to prove the influence of the monitored object on their composition. It is proposed to use geochemical indicators: enrichment factor, pollution factor, geoaccumulation factor, and pollution load indicator to assess the degree of anthropogenic pollution of groundwater in the area of hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation. The geochemical indicators, which are proposed for use, enable the identification of substances of anthropogenic origin in waters and the detection of even the initial degree of anthropopressure on their composition in specific mining activities.

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