ARTYKUŁY NAUKOWE Zespół kręgowców morskich z górnej jury Krzyżanowic k. Iłży – z żółwiami, krokodylomorfami i wielkimi pliozaurami

Daniel Tyborowski, Błażej Błażejowski


A marine vertebrate assemblage from the Upper Jurassic of Krzyżanowice near Iłża – with turtles, crocodylomorphs and large pliosaurs (NE margin of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland).
A b s t r a c t. Vertebrate remains, mostly cryptodiran turtle shell fragments, pliosaur skull bones and teeth, plesiosaur vertebrae and crocodylomorph isolated teeth and skull fragments are described from the Upper Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) limestone beds of Krzyżanowice in the NE margin of the Holy Cross Mountains in Poland. The vertebrate fossils were collected during the palaeontological excavations conducted in 2018 and 2019 by the authors, and in the 1960s by a scientific team from the Museum of the Earth and the Institute of Paleobiology Polish Academy of Sciences. All osteological remains are generally very well preserved. This interesting vertebrate bones association from the upper part of the Kimmeridgian represents fossils of animals from two different types of environment. The first contains costal reptiles, like turtles and crocodylomorphs, the second one contains large pelagic animals – pliosaurids and plesiosaurids. This new vertebrate fauna from Poland has been correlated with age-equivalents from other regions of Europe and both Boreal/Subboreal and Mediterranean palaeobiogeographical realms.

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