PRAWO GEOLOGICZNE Pogląd na zakres działań i organizację państwowej służby geologicznej w polityce surowcowej państwa

Marek Nieć, Barbara Radwanek-Bąk


View on the scope of activities and organization of the Polish Geological Survey in the national mineral policy.
A b s t r a c t. The ongoing discussions on the importance and location of geology in the administrative structure of the country and its relationship with other branches of the economy prompt to determine the function of the Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute as the Polish Geological Survey (PGS). The aim of all these discussions is to optimize activities related to the preparation and implementation of the national mineral policy. These activities are part of the spectrum of tasks of the Polish Geological Institute established 100 years ago, which successfully fulfilled the duties of the geological survey throughout this time, significantly contributing to the development of the national resource base and serving the public with its specialist knowledge. The broad and interdisciplinary scope of the national mineral policy requires the inter-branch cooperation. Therefore, the authors propose that the Polish Geological Survey should consist of a Geological Council, whose task would be to give opinions on the proposals and indicate the direction of geological work, and the Polish Geological Institute, which fulfils an executive role as a geological survey. The article presents the main tasks of the PGS, its main organizational units and sources of financing, which provide stable implementation of tasks. For each of the distinguished units (geological cartography and regional geology, hydrogeology, engineering geology and geohazards, geology of mineral deposits and economic geology, environmental geology, geoinformatics, archiving and dissemination of geological information), a framework scope of tasks is presented. The dominant role in geological research should be played by applied geology research that aims to identify geological phenomena and processes in order to use information about them in practical activity. The effective implementation of these various tasks, which are typical of modern geological surveys, requires scientific and research facilities, as well as the possibility of using modern research and technical equipment. These standards are fully met by the Polish Geological Institute as the Polish Geological Survey and a scientific and research institution.

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