Analiza deformacji powierzchniowych wzdłuż południowo-zachodnich wybrzeży Zatoki Gdańskiej z zastosowaniem satelitarnych danych interferometrycznych

Magdalena Czarnogórska, Marek Graniczny, Szymon Uścinowicz, Raffaele Nutricato, Saverio Triggiani, Davide Oscar Nitti, Fabio Bovenga, Janusz Wąsowski


PSI analysis of ground deformations along SW coast of the Gulf of Gdańsk.
A b s t r a c t. The paper presents results of SPINUA (Stable Point Interferometry overv Unurbanised Areas) Persistent Scatterers Interferometry (PSI) processing chain to study Earth surface deformations along the SW coast of the Gulf of Gdańsk, along the SE part of the Baltic Sea. As the input for SPINUA techniques 40 descending ERS-1/2 SLC (Frame = 251, Track = 36) images from the period 1995–2001 has been used. The area of interest (AOI) includes few cities and several towns, villages and harbors. The low lying coastal areas of the SW part of the Gulf of Gdańsk are at risk of floods and marine erosion. The PSI results, however, did not reveal the presence of a regional scale, spatially consistent pattern of displacements. It is likely that any crustal deformations in the AOI simply do not exceed ±2 mm/year, which is the velocity threshold we assumed to distinguish between moving and non-moving persistent scatterers (PS). Importantly, for the most part the urban areas of the main cities (Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot) results show ground stability. Nevertheless, significant downward movements up to several mm/year, are locally noticed in the Vistula river delta – alluvial plain system located in the coastal zone east of Gdańsk as well as in the inland area west of the Gdańsk city. Indeed, the highest subsidence rates (–12 mm/year) was observed in the Gdańsk petroleum refinery constructed on alluvial sediments. Thus the anthropogenic loading and consolidation of the recent deposits can locally be an important factor causing ground subsidence.

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