Zmiany wytrzymałości w warunkach krystalizacji soli oraz oddziaływania dwutlenku siarki w wybranych makroporowatych skałach węglanowych

Alicja Bobrowska

Abstract


Changes in the strength of salt crystallization conditions and the effect of sulphur dioxide on some macroporous carbonate rocks.
A b s t r a c t. The article presents the changes in long-term endurance of macroporous carbonate rocks by modelling the process of crystallization of salt (sodium sulphate) from the solution and the impact of sulphur dioxide in the presence of humidity. The characteristics of travertine endurance were determined based on the uniaxial compression test of endurance. Tests were conducted in laboratory conditions on monoliths from Poland and Turkey. Rock material from Poland was the so-called "Polish travertine" collected from an active quarry in Raciszyn (RA) and represented by Upper Jurassic limestones. The material from Turkey was a reed-type travertine rock, one of the leading lithotypes from the Denizli region, taken from an active quarry in Hierapolis (HO), and weathered material collected from the ancient opening in Hierapolis (HA). Research shows that the rock materials, regardless of the degree of weathering and location, have an increased susceptibility to lower endurance to uniaxial compression as a result of the impact of SO2 in the presence of humidity, rather than as a result of the crystallization of salt from the solution. This observation demonstrates that the travertine is characterised by relatively high resistance to salt solutions.Within porous material, the salt crystals can freely crystallize in the gaps without damaging the structure.

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