ARTYKUŁY INFORMACYJNE U Źródeł geologicznych zainteresowań Mariana Smoluchowskiego

Jerzy B. Miecznik


At the roots of geological interests of Marian Smoluchowski.
A b s t r a c t. Marian Smoluchowski (1872–1917) was an eminent physicist of international renown. His research in the field of the Kinetic Theory of Matter (e.g. the Brownian motion) contributed to strengthen the nuclear science. He is considered a pioneer of the statistical physics. Childhood and the years of study he spent in Vienna. From an early age, he was associated with mountains and was a prominent mountaineer. Along with his brother, Tadeusz, he climbed many unclimbed peaks in the Eastern Alps: Dolomites, Ortler group and Hohe Tauern. Those achievements passed into the history of Alpine mountaineering. In addition to sports and aesthetic aspects (he painted mountain landscapes), Smoluchowski found his scientific inspirations in the mountains. He was interested in the mechanics of tectonic movements and joined the discussion on the concepts concerning the nappe structure of orogens at the beginning of the 20th century (1909). Research on the physical foundations of tectonic movements in the Tatra Mountains, that he planned to undertake, was thwarted by the outbreak of World War I in 1914, and his premature death in 1917.

Full Text:

PDF (Polish)