Jeszcze raz o terranach w Polsce i ich wędrówce

Jerzy Nawrocki


Once again about terranes in Poland and their wandering.
A b s t r a c t. Results of interdisciplinary studies conducted until now lead to a univocal conclusion that Poland should be regarded as a collage of terranes of different ages and provenances of the basement, and different amalgamation and accretion scenarios. Geophysical and tectonic-structural investigations have allowed defining, with different accuracies, the boundaries between particular terranes. Terranes located in the area of Paleozoic platform were subjected to two or three phases of mobility. The first phase of transcontinental scale was manifested by large-scale tectonic transport during rebuilding of global paleogeography. The second mobility phase of regional scaleaffected the Teisseyre-Tornquist terrane assemblage and was linked with the Laurentia and Avalonia collision. This process put in motion the escape tectonics in the earliest Devonian. As its result, some of terranes were reshuffled during their tectonic transportation in the SE direction. The third, Carboniferous phase of mobility of only local scale was related mainly to the dextral strike-slip tectonic activity. Unfortunately, in the case of several tectonostratigraphic units, an answer to the questions concerning their initial location and way of migration is still impossible. It is valid also in the case of the Teisseyre-Tornquist terrane assemblage, now located to the SE of the Moravia and Grójec fault zones. This reticence in geological diagnosis occurs in spite of generally good access to the rocks of the Brunovistulia and Małopolska terranes that could contain substantial information about the earliest stages of evolution of these units. In order to eliminate numerous gaps in our knowledge about the Polish terranes a new interdisciplinary scientific program should be developed.

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