Rozpoznanie petrologiczne i dojrzałość termiczna materii organicznej w utworach kambru, ordowiku i syluru na obszarach bałtyckim oraz podlasko-lubelskim

Izabella Grotek

Abstrakt


A petrologic study and thermal maturity of organic matter from the Cambrian, Ordovician and Silurian deposits in the Baltic and Podlasie-Lublin areas.
A b s t r a c t . The paper provides issues concerning dispersed organic matter in the lower Palaeozoic deposits of the Baltic and Podlasie-Lublin areas: its composition, genetic types, and thermal maturity degree. Organic matter in these rocks is represented by vitrinite-like material showing optical characteristics of vitrinite (bitumen/solid bitumens), phytoclasts and zooclasts (graptolite fragments). The UV light analysis commonly reveals a significant content of macerals from the liptinite group, represented mainly by well-preserved algae and alginite. The concentrations of organic matter varies from trace to 10% (Baltic area), and from trace to 9.20% (Podlasie Lublin area).The degree of thermal maturity of the Cambrian-Silurian deposits corresponds to the “oil and gas window”, with the average values of vitrinite-like reflectance index ranging from 0.52 to 2.03% Ro (Baltic area) and 0.75–2.09% Ro (Podlasie-Lublin area).

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