Obszary i zasoby perspektywiczne wystąpień rud metali i surowców chemicznych w Polsce na mapach w skali 1 : 200 000 wraz z ich oceną surowcową oraz ograniczeniami środowiskowymi i zagospodarowania przestrzennego

Stanisław Z. Mikulski, Sławomir Oszczepalski, Grzegorz Czapowski, Andrzej Gąsiewicz, Katarzyna Sadłowska, Marek Markowiak, Eugeniusz Sztromwasser, Krzysztof Bukowski, Dorota Giełżecka-Mądry, Bożena Strzelska-Smakowska, Andrzej Paulo, Marek Michniewicz, Barbara Radwanek-Bąk, Andrzej Chmielewski, Sławomir Mądry, Paweł Kuć, Małgorzata Sikorska-Maykowska, Jacek Koźma, Anna Bliźniuk, Monika Piotrowska, Paulina Kostrz-Sikora

Abstract


The prospective areas and resources of metal ores and chemical raw materials in Poland on the maps at a scale of 1 : 200,000 with their resource assessment in relation to environmental and spatial conflicts.
A b s t r a c t: As part of the tasks performed by the Polish Geological Survey (Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute), 260 prospective maps (MOP) at a scale of 1 : 200,000 have been developed in the period of 2013–2015. These maps were designed for metal ores (Cu-Ag, Zn-Pb, Mo-W, Ni, Sn, Au, Pt, Pd and Zn oxide ore – galmans) and chemical raw materials (rock and potash salts, gypsum, anhydrite and native sulphur), in relation to the assessment of raw materials resources and environmental restrictions and land use planning. The total surface of prospective teritories projected onto the surface area is ~15.25 thousand km2 for metal ores and ca. 52.5 thousand km2 for chemical raw materials. The estimated resources of predicted ore deposits (prognostic and prospective) are approx. 42.2 million Mg of Cu and 75 thousands Mg of Ag (12 prospective areas), ca. 20 million Mg of Zn-Pb ores (in 4 prospective areas), 32 million Mg of Ni ores of weathering type (10 prospective areas), from 9.4 to 21.5 Mg of Au encountered by orogenic vein and metasomatic deposits (7 prospective areas), and ca. 22 million Mg of Sn ores. The estimated prognostic and prospective resources of chemical raw materials (at a depth of not more than 2000 m) are: ca. 4.059 trillion Mg of rock salt (68 prospective areas) and ca. 3638.1 million Mg of potash (12 prospective areas), as well as ca. 575.6 billion Mg of gypsum and anhydrite, and 202 million Mg of native sulphur (prognostic resources). In the assessment of environmental conflicts and land use planning, 125 information data sheets developed environmental conditions for prospective areas (with the exception of rock salts, which are discussed in the regional aspect). Development of the designated prospective areas may be important in the future to ensure the availability of raw material safety, not only for Poland, but also for the European Union, thus contributing positively to economic growth and prosperity of local communities.

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