Rozlewnie wód podziemnych w województwie małopolskim

Lucyna Rajchel


Groundwater bottling plants of the Małopolska Voivodeship.
A b s t r a c t. The first groundwater bottling plant in Poland was established 210 years ago (1806–1808) in Krynica, and made this spa the birthplace of the bottling industry. The next such utilities were located in Głębokie, Żegiestów, Krościenko on Dunajec, Szczawnica, Szczawa and Wysowa. However, further development of the industry was inhibited for economic reasons in the Period of Partitions: the partitioners wanted to avoid competition of the annexed lands. At the beginning, water was scooped up first into amphorae, then into fired clay jugs, and at the end of the 19th century into glass bottles. The volume of the bottled water in Poland considerably jumped in the 1990s due to introducing the PET-type bottles. In the Małopolska Voivodeship, its groundwaters are currently bottled in 17 localities that provide natural mineral waters, spring waters and medicinal waters all over Poland. The consumption of the bottled waters in Poland has immensely grown from 0.1 dm3/person/year in the 1950s to 96 dm3/person in 2016.

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