Zespoły plejstoceńskiej fauny (zbiory Muzeum Geologicznego PIG-PIB) w ujęciu stratygraficznym, geologicznym i tafonomicznym

Tatiana Woroncowa-Marcinowska, Kamilla Pawłowska, Marcin Żarski, Jan Urban

Abstract


The Pleistocene mammal assemblages from the Geological Museum of PGI-NRI; a stratigraphical, geological
and taphonomic approach.
A b s t r a c t. The paper presents 15 collections of bones of mammals (15 sites, 357 specimens) from the Geological Museum of the Polish Geological Institute, which were gathered during the firsthalf of the 20th century. This is the first study of these collections. The remains of woolly mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, bison, reindeer, horse and predators, and other bones complement the record of their occurrence in central Europe during the last glaciation. The geological position was established for most sites based on both published sources and own research (Kadzielnia and Sitkówka quarries). The collections were obtained from fluvial (woolly mammoth and rhinoceros), aeolian (mammoth remains) and cave sediments (taxonomic diversity of mammals with predominance of predators). It has been confirmed that typical Pleistocene sediments of the Kadzielnia quarry occur only in the Jaskinia Jeleniowska Cave and Schronisko nad Przepaścią Cave. The analysis of the literature suggests that the majority of bones representing all collections are of Vistulian (Würm) age, mainly the Grudziądz Interstadial.

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