Dynamika przemieszczeñ wybranych osuwisk w Karpatach

Bartłomiej Warmuz, Piotr Nescieruk

Abstrakt


The dynamics of displacements of selected landslides in the Carpathians.
A b s t r a c t. The paper presents the activity of selected landslides where instrumental monitoring has been carried out within the Framework of Landslide Counteracting System (SOPO). The temporal relationships between subsurface dynamics (displacements) and geological structure with respect to atmospheric precipitation are discussed. In order to expose these relationships, the landslides were divided into two groups: the first one is located in the areas where the bedrock is made up of flysch formations with the predominance of clay rocks. The second group is located in areas with the prevalence of sandstones in the bedrock. The analysis of the 10-year record shows that, in the areas where the geological structure is dominated by clays,
the landslides present continuous activity with displacements not exceeding a dozen mm/year. In the areas where in the geological foundation (bedrock) sandstones are dominated, landslide movements were usually more impulsive. Dislocations were recorded mainly after intense, long-lasting precipitation or heavy rainstorms. In extreme situations the large displacements caused total destruction of the measuring column.

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