Zmiana parametrów fizyczno-mechanicznych iłów nadkładu złoża siarki wywołana działaniem wód technologicznych podczas otworowej eksploatacji

Jerzy Stein, Aleksander Stopiński

Abstrakt


CHANGE IN PHYSICO-MECHANICAL PARAMETERS OF CLAY FROM SULPHUR DEPOSIT BLANKET RELATED TO THE ACTION OF TECHNOLOGICAL WATERS IN THE COURSE OF HOT-WATER SULPHUR MINING

Summary
The paper presents comparison of physico-mechanical parameters of primary clays from sulphur deposits with those obtained for clays pushed out of sulphur-exploiting hole in result of eruption. The latter clays are termed by the present authors altered clays, as they were directly influenced by hot technological waters for some period of time, which resulted in significant changes of such parameters as natural moisture, porosity, volume weight, and shearing strength. It is inferred that similar changes of physico-mechanical parameters of basal strata of clay-marly blanket of the sulphur deposit may be expected. This alternation was presumably facilitated by a dense net fractures and fissures cutting the strata of the deposit blanket, which permitted the hot technological waters, under a high pressure, to penetrate the blanket strata to a remarkable depth. Such action of technological waters may have resulted in an increase of plasticity of basal parts of the clay-marly blanket; moreover, high temperatures of those waters may have resulted in drying and, finally, in shrinkage of upper parts of the deposit blanket. The resulting plastic sinking of basal parts of the blanket and shrinkage of Its upper parts may contribute to the subsidence of terrain surface, which is observed in the areas of hot-water sulphur mining.

Pełny tekst:

PDF