Geneza wysadów solnych – ewolucja poglądów

Remigiusz Tarka



Since the discovery of the structure of diapiric salt bodies there has been much speculation about the phenomenon origin. The domes were of volcanic origin, or were uplifted by forces of crystalization or due to gas pressure etc. In 1910-1912 S. Arrhenius and R Lachmann suggested gravity theory and H. Stille suggested tectonic theory. Thus began one of the most heated controversies in the entire history of geology, as H. Ode wrote. The hipotesis of autoplasticity, ekzeme, buoyancy or isostatic down building was based on the lower density of salt than that of the overlying strata and the prominent mobility of salt. In the hipotesis of H. Stille salt structures were produced by the tangential compressive pressure or the Saxonian tectonics. In 1957 F. Trusheim coined halokinesis and halotektonics terms and gave the classical definition of the procces. Trusheim's concepts and terminology strongly simplicized the nature and many geologists made attempts to give the modern and adequate solution. Now, the salt tectonics is classified by M.P.K. Jackson and C.J. Talbot on the basis of charge of gravity potential energy and the tectonic regime, so halokinesis and halotectonics sensu F. Trusheim are restricted only to the limited conditions: halokinesis - absence of strain, and halotectonics - only contraction. But the both terms are still in use in the less precisely and broad sens.

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