Metodyka badań geochemicznych gleb i biowskaźników roślinnych

Zdzisław M. Migaszewski



The specific aims of biomonitoring recording pollution of nature environment are: (i) determine basic soil type profiles (podzols, cambisols, lavisols, etc) located within model areas of Poland differently impacted by atmospheric emissions, (ii) collect samples from each genetic soil horizon (and subhorizon, if possible), as well as from hostrock and groundwaters (from nearby spring or well, if samples are available), (iii) do phytosociologic survey for each biomonitoring plot, (iv) collect samples of lichens Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl., Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) bark, and one- and two-year Scots pine needles, as well as one of the moss species Entodon schreberi Hedw., Hylocomium splendens Hedw., or Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw., (v) estimate baseline element and organic compound concentration ranges, as well as stable sulfur isotope ratios in soils, selected plant species and groundwaters; in addition, the scope of analysis should include pH pine bark, and exchange cations, pH, Hh, TIC, TOC and basic physical parameters in soils. The results derived from this study would enable: (i) evaluate which and to what extent concentration levels of chemical elements and organics are "natural" or "anthropogenic", (ii) trace mobility of chemical elements and organics in different soil type profiles and its influence on groundwaters, (iii) assess geochemical interaction of the soil-rock-plant bioindicator system, (iv) determine biogeochemical affinity between different chemical constituents, (v) assess reaction of bioindicators and vascular plants to air pollution. The determined biogeochemical plots would be included in the State Environmental Monitoring Network. Based on the same methodology and the same research group, the scope of investigation ought to be repeated every 3 or 5 years.

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