New insights into the mineralization of the Czarnów ore deposit (West Sudetes, Poland)

Ksenia Mochnacka, Teresa Oberc-Dziedzic, Wojciech Mayer, Adam Pieczka, Michał Góralski


This paper provides new data on the mineralogy and mineral chemistry of the Czarnów ore deposit, a polymetallic vein that occurs within the eastern envelope of the Karkonosze Pluton (West Sudetes). New data are also provided on the deposits’ geothermometry, mineral succession, and origins.
The Czarnów ore vein is about 500 m long, strikes SW–NE, dips 80° SE and continues to a depth of 200 m. It is hosted within the albite-mica schists, quartzofeldspathic rocks and striped amphibolites that comprise the Czarnów Schist Formation (CSF); its western part is composed of almost monomineral arsenopyrite, whereas the southwestern part locally contains a pyrrhotite lens that extends downwards. Although many types of sulphides, sulphoarsenides, sulphosalts and native phases accompanied by oxides and arsenates have been previously reported, this paper describes four minerals that have not been previously identified from the Czarnów deposit: ferrokësterite, ikunolite, bismite and pentlandite. Geothermometry data suggest formation temperatures of arsenopyrite between 551 °C and 420 °C and that of sphalerite between about 400 °C to about 200 °C. Fluid inclusion data from vein quartz gave homogenization temperatures between 430 °C and 150 °C. Integrat on of textural and other data suggests the following primary mineral succession: early arsenopyrite and cassiterite as the high-temperature phases; then combinations of pyrrhotite, pyrite, chalcopyrite and sphalerite, all of which formed over a wide temperature range; finally, low temperature galena and Bi phases. Secondary weathering products overprint the primary sequences. Cataclasis of the first-formed arsenopyrite imply that mineralization was related to at least one tectonic event in the region. The Czarnów ore deposit probably resulted from hydrothermal activity associated with the near Karkonosze granite.


Karkonosze-Izera Massif, Izera-Kowary Unit, Czarnów Schist Formation, Czarnów deposit, arsenopyrite, pyrrhotite, geothermometry, fluid inclusions, hydrothermal mineralization.

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