Upper Cretaceous of the Barranca (Navarra, northern Spain); integrated litho-, bio- and event stratigraphy. Part II: Campanian and Maastrichtian

Thomas Küchler


Campanian to Lower Maastrichtian strata of the eastern Barranca (Navarra, northern Spain), based on 11 exposures near Irurzun, were investigated in detail and correlated with coeval strata of the western Barranca and the Oroz-Betelu Massif (Navarra). The Sarasate Formation exposed in the Barranca is divided into ten members. Deposition was influenced by uplift of the Anoz-Ollo salt structure during the latest Santonian and Early Campanian. The Campanian – Maastrichtian of Navarra is characterised by thick and relatively complete successions containing biostratigraphically significant fossil groups (ammonites, inoceramids, echinoids). Detailed bed-by-bed collecting has enabled the establishment of an integrated zonal scheme with potential for interbasinal correlation. In addition to local peak, partial range and assemblage zones, based on echinoids and ammonite – echinoid assemblages, an ammonite zonation, based on an unnamed interval and the following 10 partial range (PRZ) and assemblage zones (AZ) of Scaphites hippocrepis III, S. hippocrepis III/Menabites spp., Hoplitoplacenticeras marroti, Trachyscaphites spiniger, Pseudoxybeloceras phaleratumNostoceras (Bostrychoceras) polyplocum, Trachyscaphites pulcherrimus, N. (Didymoceras) archiacianumN. (Nostoceras) hyatti, and Pachydiscus neubergicus/Pachydiscus epiplectus, is presented. The ammonite zonation markedly refines both the existing regional and the so-called European standard zonal schemes. Correlation with other Spanish areas (Cantabria, Burgos and Guipuzcoa), the Aquitaine (France), Westphalia and Lower Saxony (Germany) and the Vistula valley (Poland) is discussed. Twelve of the recognised bio-events, characterised by mass-occurrences of irregular echinoids and of monospecific, or taxonomically more variable, mostly heteromorph ammonite assemblages, are significant for regional correlation. Three Offaster maxima are of interbasinal importance as they can be correlated to Germany, Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The origin of these bio-events is closely related to the transgressive and regressive pulses recognised in Navarra, of which the pomeli Transgression I and the hippocrepis, subglobosa and polyplocum regressions are the most pronounced. The tectonic phase at the Santonian/Campanian boundary is related to the Wernigerode Phase. The onset of the second phase is placed in the lower Upper Campanian marroti Zone, the onset of a third phase (UCTE) in the upper Upper Campanian polyplocum Zone.


Upper Cretaceous, Campanian, Maastrichtian, Integrated macrofossil biostratigraphy, Lithostratigraphy, Event Stratigraphy, Ammonites, Echinoids, Inoceramids, Correlation, Barranca, Navarra, Northern Spain

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