Boring ctenostomate bryozoans from the Korytnica Clays (Middle Miocene; Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland)

Wacław Bałuk, Andrzej Radwański


An assemblage of boring ctenostomate bryozoans that comprises well developed and well preserved colonies of Spathipora sp., Terebripora sp., and Penetrantia sp. is recognized in circum-apertural parts of some gastropod shells contained within the Middle Miocene (Badenian) Korytnica Clays exposed on the southern slopes of the Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland. Taphonomical features of the bryozoan-infected shells evidence the settlement of the bryozoans after the death of the gastropod. The choice of some special gastropod shells by the bryozoans suggests furthermore that taken by the bry6zoans became the shells inhabited by the hermit crabs to whom the bryozoans were the commensals. This biologic relationship is discussed in comparison with the other comrnensals to the hermit crabs that have dwelled in the Korytnica basin.

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