Integrated biostratigraphy and palaeoenvironments of the Upper Cretaceous in the Petrich section (Central Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria)

Polina Pavlishina, Docho Dochev, Michael Wagreich, Veronika Koukal

Abstract


The Upper Cretaceous succession (Coniacian to lowermost Maastrichtian, with focus on the Campanian) at Petrich, Central Srednogorie Zone in Bulgaria, is described and calibrated stratigraphically based on nannofossils, dinoflagellate cysts and inoceramids. The following standard nannofossil zones and subzones are identified: UC10–UC11ab (middle to upper Coniacian), UC11c–UC12–UC13 (uppermost Coniacian to Santonian), UC14a (lowermost Campanian), UC14bTP–UC15cTP (lower Campanian to ‘middle’ Campanian), UC15dTP–UC15eTP (upper Campanian), UC16aTP (of Thibault et al. 2016; upper part of the upper Campanian), and UC16b (Campanian–Maastrichtian boundary). The base of the Campanian is defined by the FO of Broinsonia parca parca (Stradner) Bukry, 1969 and Calculites obscurus (Deflandre) Prins and Sissingh in Sissingh, 1977 (a morphotype with a wide central longitudinal suture). The Areoligera coronata dinoflagellate cyst Zone (upper lower Campanian to upper upper Campanian) is identified, corresponding to the UC14bTP–UC16aTP nannofossil subzones. The inoceramid assemblage indicates the ‘Inoceramus’ azerbaydjanensis–‘Inoceramus’ vorhelmensis Zone, correlated within the interval of nannofossil subzones UC15dTP–UC15eTP. The composition of the dinoflagellate cyst assemblages and palynofacies pattern suggest normal marine, oxic conditions and low nutrient availability within a distal shelf to open marine depositional environment during the Campanian.


Keywords


Upper Cretaceous; Campanian; Calcareous nannofossils; Dinoflagellate cysts; Inoceramids; Biostratigraphy; Palaeoenvironments

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