First nearly complete skeleton of the Cretaceous duvaliid belemnite Conobelus

Alexander Lukeneder


The first Cretaceous belemnite preserved with the rostrum, slightly compressed phragmocone and part of the proostracum is described from the Early Cretaceous (Late Valanginian) Rossfeld Formation (Eibeck, Reichraming Nappe of the Northern Calcareous Alps). The rostrum has dorsal groove (alveolar furrow) typical of duvaliids, and its conical shape (round in transverse section outline), and the rounded apex allow its attribution to Conobelus STOLLEY, 1919. The new species C. pseudoheres sp. nov. is proposed based on the unique features of the specimen, i.e. persistently parallel lateral sides throughout the rostrum and the conical, blunt outline at the apex. The ration between rostrum and phragmocone is 0.78; the distances between the calcitic septa of the anterior end of the phragmocone range from 3 to 5 mm. The proostracum is 0.02 mm thick. The apical angle is 32° and the alveolar angle (posterior end of the phragmocone) is 24°. The alveolus is 40 mm long, yielding a ratio between rostrum and alveolus of 1.86. The depositional history with its fast sedimentation along with absent/limited post-mortem transportation led to extraordinarily good preservation of the examined specimen.


Belemnites, Rostrum, Phragmocone, Proostracum, Early Cretaceous, Valanginian, Northern Calcareous Alps

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